Materials Growth & Measurement Laboratory

Jan Fikáček: X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements of iron based chalcogenides

Seminar on Magnetism
Date: Wednesday, 16 January 2019 14:10 - 15:10

Venue: lecture room F2, first floor, Ke Karlovu 5 - Prague 2

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We have a pleasure to invite you to attend the joint seminar
of the Department of Condensed Matter Physics (DCMP)
and the Materials Growth and Measurement Laboratory (MGML)




X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements of iron based chalcogenides

lecture given by:

Jan Fikáček

Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Na Slovance 1999/2, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic

The seminar takes place in the lecture room F2 
of the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Ke Karlovu 5, Praha 2
on Wednesday, 16.1. 2019 from 14:10 

Vladimír Sechovský
On behalf of the DCMP and MGML


In Iron‑based chalcogenides (IBC) superconductivity (SC) occurs together with relatively simple crystal structure. This predestinates IBC as ideal candidates for both experimental and theoretical investigations. IBC are quasi two-dimensional in their crystal structure, which consists of two alternating layers purely composed of iron or a chalcogen. These form trilayers separated by Van der Waals gaps. FeSe was found to be superconducting below a critical temperature of Tc = 8 K [1]. The pairing mechanism is believed to be unconventional, i.e. not phonon-mediated. In recent years, the interest in IBC was further triggered by a discovery that the SC transition temperature of FeSe can be enhanced above 100 K when a mono‑layer of FeSe is deposited on SrTiO3 [2, 3]. For an overview see e.g. [4].

FeTe is an adjacent compound to FeSe. Although bulk FeTe itself is non‑superconducting, mixed alloys FeTe1-xSex reach superconducting properties with transition temperatures higher than those of pure FeSe (14.5 K at x =0.5). Thus, also the understanding of magnetism and electronic properties of FeTe is important as to reveal origins of superconductivity in iron‑based chalcogenides. For this, we conducted an X‑ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) experiment at the Swiss Light Source in Villigen using FeTe single crystals. Utilizing X-rays under different polarized conditions, we derived X‑ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) and X-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD). XMCD signals were scaling with bulk magnetization following a drop connected with a formation of an antiferromagnetic state below 80 K. On the other hand, XMLD signal increased at the same time being maximal at lowest temperatures (1.6 K). XMLD data will be briefly discussed with ongoing theoretical calculations.

In my talk, I will also mention recent XAS measurements of FeSe mono-layer islands [6] grown on a topological insulator surface of Bi2Se3.

[1] F. C. Hsu et al., PNAS 105, 14262 (2008)
[2] S. L. He et al, Nat. Mater. 12, 605 (2013)
[3] J.-F. Ge et al., Nature Material 14, 285–289 (2015)
[4] X. Liu et al., J. Phys.: Cond. Mat. 27, 183201 (2015)
[5] N. Katayama et al 2010 J. Phys. Soc. Japan 79 113702 (2010)
[6] F. Arnold, et al., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 30 elf


Ke Karlovu 2026/5, 121 16 Praha 2, Czech Republic




All Dates

  • Wednesday, 16 January 2019 14:10 - 15:10