- Petr Čermák: Science 4.0
- 2. 11. 2022, 10:40
- online (zoom)
- more information
The first industrial revolution enabled mass production by using steam power in the late 18th century. Progress continued by adding electricity and programmable logic controllers in the second and third industrial revolution, respectively. All this two-century progress was more-less irrelevant for science since progress there requires constant changes and our invention. We are now on the threshold of the fourth industrial revolution, which will bring smart factories by utilizing big data and artificial intelligence.
Such techniques are, for the first time in mankind’s history, also beneficial for science. We are lacking reproducibility of the sample preparation; our students are spending hours in the lab doing simple reproducible tasks and we are struggling with an evaluation of the enormous number of datasets produced by modern measurement techniques. I will present you how some of these problems are being solved in different areas of physics and, conversely, show you the areas where we still have gaps.
The possible use of modern technologies will be illustrated on the newly constructed device ALSA, which will automatize the crystal co-alignment process by using a state-of-the-art X-Ray Laue diffractometer, robotized manipulators, real-time computer vision, and bespoke neural network software for crystal placing and Laue pattern solving. The device ALSA will be a true game-changer in the field of inelastic neutron scattering because it will drastically speed up sample preparation.